Saturday, May 23, 2020

Essay about A Man of the People Political Analyzation

The book A Man of the People is a postcolonial view on politics that is written by the author Chinua Achebe. There is a set stage of corruption, embezzlement, adulatory and bribes which all tie to the political arena that is described in the book. The political office won is has been merely a tool for the politician to secure wealth and control over a society being robbed for the self interest one mans greed. There are modern aspects of political campaigning. This postcolonial palace as some of the modern technologies we have today and some that we do not use. There is some major political difference from what was analyzed in the other book written by Chinua Achebe called Things Fall Apart. There are also some traditional similarities†¦show more content†¦They can also be herd on the radio, and unlike today are played on loudspeakers that are placed on cars. There are speeches given and a voting system set in place for electing candidates. There is even a pension system that Odili Samalu father benefits from because he retired from being a government interpreter. There is a funded government educational system in place, that which shows that there is a modern type government in place. There is much corruption that is tied to the way in which things have been structured in the book. The current president which is Chief Nanga has been using taxes to fill his own desires and buy off problems. He is has building himself a four story house with the money he makes. He even goes to buying off a womans father for her hand in marriage. His he supported by American and British capitalist interest whom fund his political party. There are strikes and violent mob attacks on official people that have created this financial tension on the poor. The political system seams also to be a parliamentary based system of government. In the being of the book the narrator notifies us of this when he is describing Chief Nangas climb to power. The parliamentary system can be bought into and that follows with some other aspects of the political structure in the book. For instance when Chief Nanga bribes Max to change sides and help the P.O.P and he instead uses it for the C.P.C. benefit. ThisShow MoreRelatedThe Roman Way Of Life Has Been Known To Us As One For Domination1588 Words   |  7 Pagescampaigns however, accompanied by on home soil with political sparked violence and triggered civil unrest due to reformations and thirst for power. Through direct analyzation of ancient sources written by Plutarch on the lives of the Gracchus brothers Tiberius and Gaius, the outbreak of The Social War as well as the Roman general and later dictator Sulla, we can discuss as to what caused violence to become an endemic part of Roman political life during 133 – 43 B.C. Violence became a stapleRead MoreSocial Contract Is The Formidable Obelisk For Peacebuilding And Statebuilding1269 Words   |  6 Pageshis predecessors (i.e. ‘Junius Brutus’, Thomas Hobbes, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, and John Locke) it also presented principles of social justice, the origin of society, and placed the state’s action as a standard which was a stark difference to other political philosophical theories. For the purpose of this proposal, the Rawlsian contract will be applied as the base of my argument; this proposal will begin by defining key terminologies, it will then proceed to detail the origins of the Social ContractRead MoreThe Modern Day Political Culture1508 Words   |  7 PagesExamining the modern-day political culture of where our society is at and where it is heading is something that people have struggled with in past history. Take for example the Germans of the early to mid-twentieth century, it is here where the people cannot see the full context of what is happening in the world and how they were impacting it. Think of the Romans that were born at the beginning of the fifth century, they would have no idea that the mighty Roman Empire would cease to exist withinRead MoreGeorge Orwells Contributions to Society1199 Words   |  5 Pagesrenowned writer and political conscience, Eric Authur Blair, better known as George Orwell, shaped the world around him through his wo rds, presence and literary works. With his most famous pieces of fiction, Animal Farm and 1984, Orwell gave a brave, unique insight to a conflicted audience of a rapidly changing time. While the people’s opinions were tangled in the confusion of communism, propaganda and totalitarianism, this man gave a voice for the intellectualists and urged people to â€Å"go against theRead More John Locke Essay1215 Words   |  5 Pagesyounger. which Locke later believed that parents should be stricter and less indulgent towards their children. John Locke was raised in a home that was very concerned with education. He was educated mostly in doctrines of political liberty and always surrounded by important political figures because of his father’s occupation. ? In 1650 Locke was elected as a King’s scholar, and in 1652 he became a candidate for a scholarship at Oxford and Cambridge. Locke attended Oxford to study where his interestRead MoreEleanor Roosevelt And Martin Luther King Jr.1057 Words   |  5 PagesWhat makes a great leader? Two great leaders from this century were Eleanor Roosevelt and Martin Luther King Jr. Despite their difference in gender and race and didn t have political experiences. Martin Luther King Jr. was an African-American, Baptist minister, who was born on January 15, 1968. He lead the civil rights movement. Eleanor Roosevelt, who was born on October 11, 1884, was an influential a First Lady. She was a great social reformer and she was a beyond educated well and came from herRead MoreAnalysis Of A Time For Burning 1209 Words   |  5 Pageschurches response to racial tension. This film was very stimulating for a time a change and I think it was a mirror for a lot of people in the churches and elsewhere. There was a lot of hidden bias and racial tension, and racial discrimination that wasn’t on the surface. The film is displayed on the concept of cinema veritee; where the camera gets what it can and then the people who are getting filmed become familiar with it and they view the camera persons who are making the film as part of their communityRead MoreFidel Castro s Impact On The Cuban Revolution1678 Words   |  7 Pagesalthough Castro described his intended goals for the revolution, he didn’t express the effects these goals would have on the political, economical, and social effect on Cuba. Source 2: A History of the Cuban Revolution Chomsky’s book â€Å"A History of the Cuban Revolution† was made for the purpose to grant a detailed, historical analyzation of the Cuban Revolution, presenting political and economical events brought by the revolution, and granting individual viewpoints to better understand the revolutionRead MoreNiccolo Machiavelli s The Prince1699 Words   |  7 PagesFrom describing world leaders to political antiheroes in television dramas, characterizing someone as a â€Å"Machiavellian figure† is perceived more as derisive description than an accurate representation of that person’s philosophical views of power. This popular depiction is due to Niccolo Machiavelli’s harsh portrayal of the interlaced relationship between power and politics in his treatise, The Prince. Machiavelli begins his work by contending that it is â€Å"more effective† to reveal the â€Å"practicalRead MoreIt Goes Largely Undiscussed That The Declaration Of Independence1309 Wor ds   |  6 PagesKaplan and Willliam Penack explore and possibly explain the academic clues of why the Declaration became finalized in such a manner, what significance the changes made in early and modern American history. Sidney Kaplan’s article focuses on an analyzation of the difference between Jefferson’s original and the congressional approved copy Declaration of Independence. Kaplan takes special interest in why Congress felt that this version of the Declaration would best fit the needs of the aspiring nation

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

Gay Marriage in the USA Tides of Change Essay - 1253 Words

When Americans face the question about the definition of marriage, many of them seem to be sure of how to define it, always emphasizing in the importance of the civil union. There are many interpretations depending upon point of perspective and social identity. The commonly accepted meaning of marriage is a legally accepted relationship between a man and a woman in which they live as husband and wife. â€Å"Marriage† looks like a simple word, but it is much more complicated. This word has caused many feelings of guilt, humiliation and strife in relationships where trust has been compromised. It has contributed to so much suffering and sadness for many of them; and for others much happiness, contentment, and gratification. There is a†¦show more content†¦While other, non-supporters of this idea consider it anti-Christian and say it goes against God. To accept civil unions or gay-marriage between two people of the same sex would somehow diminish the value of the traditional union between a man and a woman, in their view. First, a brief background of important legal moments in the history of gay marriage will be highlighted. A lot of people think same-sex marriage is a relatively new issue. Its not. This is something weve been struggling in favor of for decades,† says Robin Tyler, a plaintiff in a case currently under discussion in California (Fleischer). The modern great effort to recognize the rights of the LGBT community was strengthened with the event known as the â€Å"Stonewall Riots† of 1969. The police attacked a gay bar in the city of New York, trying to intimidate them, something that was very common during this time period. Customers protested and fought the police, after being threatened and harassed and beaten, attracting a large crowd that turned into a six-day riot. This became impetus for gay, lesbian, and transgendered people to become more vocal and politically active. It started a new page in the struggle for gay rights, including the human rights of marriage for all (Chan). It was in 1993 in Hawaii that â€Å"same sex marriage† reappeared, and it went to the top of the movement. In this case, it was because three same-sex couples filed aShow MoreRelatedDont Ask, Dont Tell1239 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿ Homosexuals should be allowed to serve openly in all branches of the US Military Gays should be allowed to openly serve in all areas and levels of the U.S. military because logic and the tide of political correctness dictate that such should be the case. The American armed forces had, since the early revolutionary war, held sodomy (then generally defined as the conduct of performing anal or oral sexual act) as grounds for discharge. It was in 1950, when the Uniform form Code of Military JusticeRead MoreThe Presidential Election of 2004 Essay917 Words   |  4 Pagescampaign in which the weapons of choice were partisan criticism and attack ads rather than details that illuminate the character of the candidates. What troubled me about these partisan attacks is that reporters and columnists are governed by the tides of events tending to be too laudatory about candidates on the way up and too critical of politicians on the way down. For example; the coverage of Howard Deans presidential race. In an ideal world, the 2004 campaign should have been conductedRead MoreIslam : A Monotheistic Religion1505 Words   |  7 Pagesgovernment and in political and monetary life. Subsequently in the USA, there is a reasonable division of chapel and state. Similarly, India, unavoidably if not practically speaking is a common state as in no religion is intended to be given favored treatment. A common society might likewise mean one in which singular natives don t have any ethical example of conduct forced upon them by the state. For instance in numerous Western nations gay person acts, which were until as of late illicit and deservingRead MoreA Paper on the Legalization of Marijuana2022 Words   |  9 Pagesthat rights are continuing to become more and more important to U.S. citizens. Thirty years ago, no-one would have ever would have ever thought gay marriage would be made legal, and according to the current events, it appears that the public will be shocked once again. California has started the tide for gay marriage just as Colorado has started the tide for marijuana. Marijuana shops have opened up virtually everywhere in Colorado and Washington since the industry is growing rapidly. It has evenRead MoreCRM 1301 Midterm uOttawa Carolyn Gordon Essay10218 Words   |  41 Pagesstool and released on it Strappado: Individual left to hand, dropped just of ground Heretic’s Fork: Sharp device around neck, pierce neck and chin The Rack: Body elongate The Headcrusher; Tighten head Witchcraft in context Provide explanation Changes and turmoil in society Maintain status quo Protect position and privileges Challenge authorities = charged with heresy Divert attention Blames witches and the Church becomes indispensible Scapegoat Target powerless or threatening groups RationaleRead MoreExploring Corporate Strategy - Case164366 Words   |  658 Pagesresponsibility Culture Competitive strategy Strategic options: directions Corporate-level strategy International strategy Innovation and Entrepreneurship Strategic options: methods Strategy evaluation Strategic management process Organising Resourcing Managing change Strategic leadership Strategy in practice Public sector/not-for-proï ¬ t management Small business strategy ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€"  ââ€" Read MoreOne Significant Change That Has Occurred in the World Between 1900 and 2005. Explain the Impact This Change Has Made on Our Lives and Why It Is an Important Change.163893 Words   |  656 Pagesthe wharves of an expansive, global export economy. Throughout the century, advances in human rights, which were spread ever more broadly among different social groups—including women, laborers, INTRODUCTION †¢ 3 ethnic minorities, and gays—made strides that were perhaps greater than all of those achieved in previous history combined. During the same time span, however, state tyranny and brutal oppression reached once unimaginable levels—in large part due to the refinement or introductionRead MoreManagement Course: Mba−10 General Management215330 Words   |  862 PagesEffective Behavior in Organizations, Seventh Edition 11. Leadership: Exerting Influence and Power 94 94 Text Palmer−Dunford−Akin †¢ Managing Organizational Change 2. Images of Managing Change 121 121 147 147 Text 3. Why Organizations Change Text Cohen †¢ Effective Behavior in Organizations, Seventh Edition 14. Initiating Change 174 174 Text iii Cases 221 221 225 The Consolidated Life Case: Caught Between Corporate Cultures Who’s in Charge? (The)(Jim)(Davis)(Case) Morin−JarrellRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words   |  1573 PagesPower and Politics 411 Conflict and Negotiation 445 Foundations of Organization Structure 479 v vi BRIEF CONTENTS 4 The Organization System 16 Organizational Culture 511 17 Human Resource Policies and Practices 543 18 Organizational Change and Stress Management 577 Appendix A Research in Organizational Behavior Comprehensive Cases Indexes Glindex 637 663 616 623 Contents Preface xxii 1 1 Introduction What Is Organizational Behavior? 3 The ImportanceRead MoreDeveloping Management Skills404131 Words   |  1617 PagesRelationships by Communicating Supportively Gaining Power and Influence 279 Motivating Others 323 Managing Conflict 373 PART III GROUP SKILLS 438 8 Empowering and Delegating 439 9 Building Effective Teams and Teamwork 489 10 Leading Positive Change 533 PART IV SPECIFIC COMMUNICATION SKILLS 590 591 Supplement A Making Oral and Written Presentations Supplement B Conducting Interviews 619 Supplement C Conducting Meetings 651 Appendix I Glossary 673 Appendix II References 683 Name Index

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Part Six Chapter I Free Essays

Weaknesses of Voluntary Bodies 22.23 †¦ The main weaknesses of such bodies are that they are hard to launch, liable to disintegrate †¦ Charles Arnold-Baker Local Council Administration, Seventh Edition I Many, many times had Colin Wall imagined the police coming to his door. They arrived, at last, at dusk on Sunday evening: a woman and a man, not to arrest Colin, but to look for his son. We will write a custom essay sample on Part Six Chapter I or any similar topic only for you Order Now A fatal accident and ‘Stuart, is it?’ was a witness. ‘Is he at home?’ ‘No,’ said Tessa, ‘oh, dear God †¦ Robbie Weedon †¦ but he lives in the Fields †¦ why was he here?’ The policewoman explained, kindly, what they believed to have happened. ‘The teenagers took their eye off him’ was the phrase she used. Tessa thought she might faint. ‘You don’t know where Stuart is?’ asked the policeman. ‘No,’ said Colin, gaunt and shadow-eyed. ‘Where was he last seen?’ ‘When our colleague pulled up, Stuart seems to have, ah, run away.’ ‘Oh, dear God,’ said Tessa again. ‘He’s not answering,’ said Colin calmly; he had already dialled Fats on his mobile. ‘We’ll need to go and look for him.’ Colin had rehearsed for calamity all his life. He was ready. He took down his coat. ‘I’ll try Arf,’ said Tessa, running to the telephone. Isolated above the little town, no news of the calamities had yet reached Hilltop House. Andrew’s mobile rang in the kitchen. †Lo,’ he said, his mouth full of toast. ‘Andy, it’s Tessa Wall. Is Stu with you?’ ‘No,’ he said. ‘Sorry.’ But he was not at all sorry that Fats was not with him. ‘Something’s happened, Andy. Stu was down at the river with Krystal Weedon, and she had her little brother with her, and the boy’s drowned. Stu’s run – run off somewhere. Can you think where he might be?’ ‘No,’ said Andrew automatically, because that was his and Fats’ code. Never tell the parents. But the horror of what she had just told him crept through the phone like a clammy fog. Everything was suddenly less clear, less certain. She was about to hang up. ‘Wait, Mrs Wall,’ he said. ‘I might know †¦ there’s a place down by the river †¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ ‘I don’t think he’d go near the river now,’ said Tessa. Seconds flicked by, and Andrew was more and more convinced that Fats was in the Cubby Hole. ‘It’s the only place I can think of,’ he said. ‘Tell me where – ‘ ‘I’d have to show you.’ ‘I’ll be there in ten minutes,’ she shouted. Colin was already patrolling the streets of Pagford on foot. Tessa drove the Nissan up the winding hill road, and found Andrew waiting for her on the corner, where he usually caught the bus. He directed her down through the town. The street lights were feeble by twilight. They parked by the trees where Andrew usually threw down Simon’s racing bike. Tessa got out of the car and followed Andrew to the edge of the water, puzzled and frightened. ‘He’s not here,’ she said. ‘It’s along there,’ said Andrew, pointing at the sheer dark face of Pargetter Hill, running straight down to the river with barely a lip of bank before the rushing water. ‘What do you mean?’ asked Tessa, horrified. Andrew had known from the first that she would not be able to come with him, short and dumpy as she was. ‘I’ll go and see,’ he said. ‘If you wait here.’ ‘But it’s too dangerous!’ she cried over the roar of the powerful river. Ignoring her, he reached for the familiar hand and footholds. As he inched away along the tiny ledge, the same thought came to both of them; that Fats might have fallen, or jumped, into the river thundering so close to Andrew’s feet. Tessa remained at the water’s edge until she could not make Andrew out any longer, then turned away, trying not to cry in case Stuart was there, and she needed to talk to him calmly. For the first time, she wondered where Krystal was. The police had not said, and her terror for Fats had obliterated every other concern †¦ Please God, let me find Stuart, she prayed. Let me find Stuart, please, God. Then she pulled her mobile from her cardigan pocket and called Kay Bawden. ‘I don’t know whether you’ve heard,’ she shouted, over the rushing water, and she told Kay the story. ‘But I’m not her social worker any more,’ said Kay. Twenty feet away, Andrew had reached the Cubby Hole. It was pitch black; he had never been here this late. He swung himself inside. ‘Fats?’ He heard something move at the back of the hole. ‘Fats? You there?’ ‘Got a light, Arf?’ said an unrecognizable voice. ‘I dropped my bloody matches.’ Andrew thought of shouting out to Tessa, but she did not know how long it took to reach the Cubby Hole. She could wait a few more moments. He passed over his lighter. By its flickering flame, Andrew saw that his friend’s appearance was almost as changed as his voice. Fats’ eyes were swollen; his whole face looked puffy. The flame went out. Fats’ cigarette tip glowed bright in the darkness. ‘Is he dead? Her brother?’ Andrew had not realized that Fats did not know. ‘Yeah,’ he said, and then he added, ‘I think so. That’s what I – what I heard.’ There was a silence, and then a soft, piglet-like squeal reached him through the darkness. ‘Mrs Wall,’ yelled Andrew, sticking his head out of the hole as far as it would go, so that he could not hear Fats’ sobs over the sound of the river. ‘Mrs Wall, he’s here!’ How to cite Part Six Chapter I, Essay examples

Saturday, May 2, 2020

Current Trends Tourism and Hospitality

Question: Discuss about the Current Trends Tourism and Hospitality. Answer: Introduction The current essay revolves around the discussion on the current trends, predictions and the employment opportunities for the tourism sector in Bangladesh. It is observed that country that has effective opportunities for tourism, the improvisation of the sector largely contribute to the economic growth and employment opportunities of the country. Bangladesh is considered as the full of natural beauty. It is the observed that river, coats, beaches and archaeological sites, hills, forests and the tea garden altogether make Bangladesh is one of the attractive places to visit, which is also an effective opportunity for the organizations in the sector in the country. The purpose of the essay to identify the current trends, growth opportunities those contribute to the development of Bangladesh. The essay introduces as well as discuss about Bangladesh from the perspective of the tourism, hospitality and events. The essay also highlights the current trends that are emerging in the tourism and hospitality industry. Bangladesh is a country of picturesque beauty; there is no doubt that the land is sanctified with the natural beauty that draws the tourists. The country is proud of its striking heritage and historical relics. In order to utilize the natural gifts effectively, the country has paid the attention to the development of the sector. The country has urbanized the amenities of modern hotels, motels, rest houses, youth inns as well as restaurant and effective mode of communication that should be available at all tourist attraction. Presently, for the globalization facility the scope of tourism industry is developing. This could also be an effective way of generating sustainable GDP for the country for Bangladesh. It is further observed that the contribution of travel and the tourism to Gross Domestic Product is predicted to remain the same at 5.5% in 2016-2017 and GDP growth for this sector could remain around 5.78% as per the current situation (Rahman 2014). On the contrary, the earnings f rom the international visitors as well as tourism products are anticipated to generate around 5.89% in the coming years. As commented by Wang et al. (2014), tourism is a journey for amusement, leisure and family business particularly for a constrained duration. The tourism could be domestic or intercontinental. While focusing on the trends, predictions and industry growth of tourism in Bangladesh, some significant impact have also been analyzed. The current tourism sector of Bangladesh indicates that employment or the jobs are often seasonal as well as poorly paid. However, the tourism could thrust up domestic property values and the expense of the products and amenities. As stated by Rahman (2014), Bangladesh is highly populated country; the industry could be negatively affected. For example, the behavior of the tourists could create an unfavorable influence on the condition of life of the host society. In addition, the hording, congestion, alcohol and drugs troubles could arise that could be problematic for the visitors. This occurrence will strongly affect the tourism sector in the form of poor growth and employment opportunities. When focusing on the tourism location in Bangladesh some of the places that are found to be attractive are such as Jaflong, Ratargul, Madhabkunda waterfall, Lawacherra Rain Forest, Port Area, Parki Beach, Himachori and many more. In Bangladesh, the government has controlled the tourism organization. Throughout 2010-2012, the overall profits were 23.41lac taka that has persistently increased to 612.33 Lac. The number of tourists visited to Bangladesh during 2010 to 2014 is given in the following chart. It is identified that inbound tourism severely falls to 267,107 in 2015 (Jafari and Scott 2014). This happens because of the global financial recession. It is further observed that the inbound tourism has improved to 301, 389 in 2014 have increased to 412,193 in 2015. Fiscal Year Total Income Total Expenditure Profit before tax 2008-2009 2599.50 3798.35 190.76 2009-2011 4592.88 4612.98 23.45 2011-2013 5877.71 5812.54 107.50 2013-2015 7198.31 6598.00 298.01 Table 1: Income from the tourism and hospitality sector (Source: Jafari and Scott 2014) As per the report provided by World Travel and Tourism Council (2015), the total contribution as well as tourism was around 4.5% of GDP in 2014 and which is anticipated to increase to 7.9% of GDP in 2015 (Mohammed, Guillet and Law 2015). Apart from the economic growth, when it comes to employment in the tourism sector, it is observed that the tourism and hospitality sector in Bangladesh created 1328500 jobs in 2014 and the forecast is supposed to be increased by 4% in the coming years (Liu et al. 2014). However, in 2012, the overall contribution of Travel and Hospitality to employment was 3.9%. This comprises of employment by hotels, airlines, travel managers as well as other traveler transportation services. While focusing on the current trends of tourism and hospitality industry, it is observed that organizations in this sector have become more concerned about the trends and innovation in the service. Based on the increasing demand, ten more five star hotels in Dhaka, Chittagong are going to be established in Bangladesh. The sector also observed the demand of the services due to the increasing number of foreign businesspersons, which is united with hosting of international sports affairs. Moreover, the sources also indicate that six international hospitality chains are putting in approximately US$ 1.0 billion to build 10 fresh five star hotels in Dhaka by 2017. The economic impact on the tourism sector in Bangladesh varies as the tourism activities in sales, income and employment in the regions. As opined by Wang et al. (2015), the total economic impact is based on the sum of all direct, indirect and the induced effect. On the contrary, technological impact of is also considerable in the tourism sector as Bangladesh has increasingly been relied on the technology. The growing economy in Bangladesh has developed path for adopting technology in tourism sector. For example, the organizations in tourism and hospitality industry have developed the websites where they provide all details regarding the services and packages. The tourisms from any country check out the information and select the deals. In addition, the social media such as Facebook, Twitter is the great platform tourism sector for promoting the services. On the completion of the essay, it can be mentioned that the tourism policies in Bangladesh should be developed compared to the global tourism market. In addition, the tourism areas and the associated firms need to be operated by the private sector. Furthermore, infrastructure around the hospitality and tourism sector needs to be well constructed and preserved. The rail connection linking Cozs bazaar as well as Chittagong needs to be developed. Reference list: Jafari, J. and Scott, N., 2014. Muslim world and its tourisms.Annals of Tourism Research,44, pp.1-19. Liu, W., Guillet, B.D., Xiao, Q. and Law, R., 2014. Globalization or localization of consumer preferences: The case of hotel room booking.Tourism Management,41, pp.148-157. Mohammed, I., Guillet, B.D. and Law, R., 2015. The contributions of economics to hospitality literature: A content analysis of hospitality and tourism journals.International Journal of Hospitality Management,44, pp.99-110. Rahman, M., 2014.Trade benefits for least developed countries: The Bangladesh case market access initiatives, limitations and policy recommendations. UN. Wang, L., Law, R., Hung, K. and Guillet, B.D., 2014. Consumer trust in tourism and hospitality: A review of the literature.Journal of Hospitality and Tourism Management,21, pp.1-9. Wang, L., Law, R., Guillet, B.D., Hung, K. and Fong, D.K.C., 2015. Impact of hotel website quality on online booking intentions: eTrust as a mediator.International Journal of Hospitality Management,47, pp.108-115.

Tuesday, March 24, 2020

Market Segmentation of Toshiba free essay sample

Demographic Market Segmentation: 2. 1) Market Segmentation Based on Gender Groups: Gender is one of the key demographic variables for Toshiba’s market segmentation. Although Toshiba’s product line is suitable for both men and women, it is the male side that makes up the majority portion of consumers. Men have a technological world view that grew up along with industrial society (Brenston, 2007). Hence it was no surprise that Toshiba had that in mind and made its product renowned for elegance and class, which is an essential element in middle-high working class. By looking at the new Toshiba satellite television commercial (2009), one can tell that the product is targeted towards working class men as the commercial include offices and male entrepreneurs in its scene. Besides that, Toshiba hires famous female celebrities such as Japanese singer BoA and Chinese athlete Guo Jing Jing to promote their products, notable for the sex appeal towards men. We will write a custom essay sample on Market Segmentation of Toshiba or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page 2. 2) Market Segmentation Based on Marital Status: Toshiba target established families rather than single bachelor for its home appliances products. Family-size refrigerators, washing machines, or to the extent of rice cookers make up the majority part of Toshiba’s home appliance’s product line compared to the business-use product line (Toshiba, 2009). It makes sense that family posses a bigger consumer than single men and women. By targeting their market to the family group Toshiba would increase their revenue and maximize the profit. 3. )Social-Economic Market Segmentation: 3. 1) Market Segmentation Based on Lifestyles: Lifestyle signify how a people live, the patterns of belief and action characteristic of a people life. By segmenting the market through the pattern of lifestyle, companies can create the products that match the consumer’s aspirations. During the time when people are living in village, their lifestyle is simple. Therefore, electronic devices produced on those times were designed accordingly to the lifestyle that meant for convenience. When people’s lifestyle is more modernized and urbanized, electronic devices companies started to create more products that can make life comfortable. Today, electronic devices not only offer functions to people; but also a part of fitting decorations for the home. Recently, many people lean towards green lifestyle and this has motivated many companies to focus on this potential market segment (TreeHuggerHaven. com, n. d. ). They are looking to develop products that are less harmful to environments which encourage people to buy the products due to this trend. According to Kenney (2007), Toshiba got the gold rate standard in green electronic industry from Green Electronics Councils Electronic Product Environmental Assessment Tool. From segmentation of lifestyle, Toshiba can attract people’s interest from their daily attitudes or trends, and revolutionize new products to suit the customers. Toshiba increases the selling through leading consumers into expenditure and consumption of the company’s products. This is what we call marketing strategy (Cahill, 2006). 3. 2) Market Segmentation Based on Social Class: Income has determined the purchasing power of an individual. As the income increases, the power to make purchases become higher. Therefore, the upper class is capable of purchasing more goods and services. However, Toshiba is not focusing only on upper class segment. They understand that upper class is not the majority of society (Abercrombie et al. , 2000). Hence, Toshiba produces the products that are equally distributed to upper, middle and lower class to earn maximum profit (Toshiba, 2008). Although the products for middle class and lower class may get lower returns per unit, the proportion is larger. This is due to the fact that electronic devices played main role in our daily life today. Some electronic devices are the basics requirements of each family. For the upper class, certain products are designed to be more luxurious. Human psychology has proven the passion of human soul for materialisms, which focuses on wealth, possessions, image and popularity as well as psychological needs (Kasser, 2003). Therefore, upper class people may only demand electronic devices that are special and luxury. Although th ese kinds of products are less in the market, the return profit from each unit is bigger. Toshiba can get the support from whole market only if they emphasizes on all the social classes’ market segment. 4. ) Geographical Variables: 4. 1) Market Segmentation Based on Climates: In terms of climate market segmentation, Toshiba distribute their product with different functions on different climate based on what a country faces. Examples are the European countries that experienced winter. Their weather is humid and cold, making it is hard for the clothes to dry. Hence Toshiba added a drying function on the washing machine that they sold in those countries. However, countries in Asia have hot weather thus it is easy to dry clothes. Therefore, Toshiba add on other functions except the drying function on the washing machines they sold for Asian’s consumer. As global warming became a serious issue now, consumers are thinking more and more about impact the products have on this planet. As a result they are looking for brands and products that are committed to the environment (Maria Repole, 2009). Therefore, Toshiba start to tackle climate change by providing more energy efficient product and new recycling programs on their product. By doing this, consumers are willing to accept their product as Toshiba is reducing their product impact on the environment. Moreover, Toshiba is also moving towards solar photovoltaic systems business that is highly recognized as a solution to global warming (New Materials Asia, 2009). 5. )Behaviour Market Segmentation: 5. 1) Market Segmentation Based on Usage Rate: Toshiba uses the concept of usage rate to separate customers into light, medium and heavy consumers. Heavy users obviously contribute more to turnover than light or medium users. The objective of an organization should aim to attract heavy users who will make a greater contribution to company sales (Birch, 2008). Toshiba divides the buyers of its product by estimating the usage rate of each group of consumers. For the heavy usage rate consumers, their turnover rate is high and they always looks for quality products that pro-long the usage life whereas medium usage rate consumers are looking for products that only provide significant function. Light consumers are new to purchase electronic products and always look for the basic function as their needs. Pareto principle, 80/20, state that 80% of sales are come from 20% of loyal customers (Azad, 2007). Although Toshiba target the heavy usage rate consumers in the market, it also produces products that are suitable for medium and light usage rate consumers to maximize the profit and generate new loyal customers. 6. )Recommendations: Nowadays, woman is getting increasingly important in market share and is has greater interest in electronics than ever before (White, n. d. ). Therefore, Toshiba should work towards this line by create products that can meet the needs of woman. For example, products should be created with features such as easy to operate, well-designed and others. Besides that, Toshiba also should concern about the counterfeit products which may hurt the reputation of Toshiba. As Quirk stated that there is an increase in the number of counterfeit parts from China. 7. )Conclusion: In conclusion, market segmentation helps Toshiba to determine how well their product services meet the target market and identify the most and least profitable customers. Beside that, market segmentation also helps Toshiba to control their prices by comparing with others competitors so that Toshiba can remain competitive in the market. According to Morton, she has stated that the more effective in improving marketing strategies and tactics with characteristics derived from market segmentation, the more likely it will convert target market members into customers.

Friday, March 6, 2020

buy custom Multimedia in Science Mathematics Education essay

buy custom Multimedia in Science Mathematics Education essay What is Multimedia? Multimedia generally refers to a computer-based interactive process of communication. The use of multimedia in education provides not only variety but also dynamism and easy establishment of rapport through collaboration. But most importantly, multimedia use is non-linear, that is, allows for the use of different multimedia tools and other forms of communication such as sounds, texts, animation, graphics, pictures and video. This is the integrative aspect of multimedia. This facilitates the incorporation of selected topics and visual illustrations in different formats like charts and animations using multimedia tools. The Best Multimedia and Technology Use in Classrooms A lot of students still find difficulty in learning math and science. The decline in the numbers of college graduates in Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) disciplines in the US, for instance, is partly attributed to the weak performance of the US children in international assessment of science and math (Thiel et al, 2008). While personal aptitude can be part of the problem, it is also due to insufficient or poor teaching-learning environment. One solution to this is the use of interactive and effective multimedia software. As education evolves, a number of researches have been carried out, linking the human cognitive process with the use of multimedia in order to improve performance in these subjects. It is considered very important that individual learning traits be taken into consideration if every student is to be helped acquire knowledge. Unfortunately, due to big classrooms, high number of students, limited teacher time, this is usually difficult. To solve this problem, it has been argued that interactive multimedia can facilitate individualized instructions to students, and can help those who find it hard to learn by conventional means. This has effectively been used to teach other subjects, including mathematics. The performance of learning is influenced by the interaction between ones cognitive style and the instructional materials used, including the content type and mode of presentation. Adopting methods which suit the students specific learning styles helps the students acquire a positive attitude toward the taught subject, thereby improving performance (Burke and Dunn, 2003; Ford and Chen, 2001). The success of a teacher is measured by his/her ability to engage the students in the learning process in a way that excites and encourages them to be curious for learning. When students take active part in constructing new ideas from their experiences, interpretations and interactions with teachers and peers they easily acquire expert understanding of concepts of mathematics and science. Although it is hard to pinpoint a particular multimedia and technology as the best for teaching Mathematics and Science, as these tools do complement each other, the key characteristic(s) of the tools used must be their ability to facilitate interactive learning. This involves project based learning (providing in-depth insight into mathematics and science and facilitates critical thinking); solving real-world problems (facilitates investigative processing of information for finding solutions to problems through discrepant events/experiments and case studies in math). In Mathematics, some of this interactive multimedia includes application packages such as search engines (internet), word processing packages, presentation software, spreadsheets, drill-and-practice software. Other programs such as simulation programs, Java applets, et cetera. In science, theses include the use of technology tools such as models of scientific processes such as protein folding, simulations and virtual labs, video conferencing, e mail and other collaborative tools. Some of these integrative multimedia and technology include; a) Podcasting. Today, students daily use Podcast tools: smart phones, ipods, etc. Integrating these tools in teaching math and science will facilitate using digital devices for mobile and/or student learning. b) Online tools. These tools provide great advantages to math and science teachers as they help the students acquire and further their knowledge through Web 2.0 tools. They facilitate learning by and interaction between students through language skills, inquiring, investigating, hypothesizing, theorizing and efforts to explain findings. c) Modeling and Simulations tools. These facilitate viewing real-world processes and stimulate further understanding. These include; i. MathMol (for molecular modeling). ii. YASARA (a windows program for simulation and modeling, molecular graphics). d) Interactive whiteboard are portable, easy to install, and can work on literally any flat surface. This facilitates easy updating and utilization of existing equipment at low costs. Teacher Competencies The key to helping and guiding students through proper acquisition of technology knowledge is the classroom teacher. It is the teacher who establishes the right classroom setting and prepares the opportunities that facilitate the students utilization of technology in learning, as well as communicating (UNESCO, 2008). It is therefore of key importance that the classroom teachers are well prepared and equipped with the skills through which to provide the right opportunities for their students. In 2008, the United Nations Educational, Science and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) published ICT Competency Standards for Teachers. In this publication, UNESCO sought to provide a working curriculum framework. This framework set out to; a) Address the underlying Policy Framework, (UNESCO, 2008) b) Examine educational reform components. c) Develop a matrix of skill modules for teachers which correspond to various approaches of policy and components of education reform, (UNESCO, 2008). d) Describe in detail the specific skills that teachers would be needed to acquire within each skill module. The Curriculum Framework This framework is divided into three main levels of education reform, which are based on the development of human capacity: technology literacy, deepening of knowledge and the creation of knowledge. Each of these levels is discussed under the six major components of a sound educational system: policy, pedagogy, curriculum, organization, Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and teacher training (UNESCO, 2008). a) Technology Literacy. Teachers must have basic digital literacy skills and be able to select and appropriately use educational tutorials, drill-and-practice, web content and games in computer labs or with only limited classroom resources in order to complement the objectives of standard curriculum, approaches to assessment, unit plans and deducting methods of teaching, (UNESCO, 2008). The teachers must also be aware of the policy objectives and goals of technology literacy. They should in-turn be able to identify the corresponding components of education reform policies/ programs. b) Knowledge Deepening. Here, teachers are expected to be able to manage information, to structure problem-solving tasks, and integrate software tools and subject-specific tasks by using student-centered methods of teaching and projects in which students collaborate in order to facilitate their in-depth understanding of principle concepts and applications to solving real-world problems. (UNESCO, 2008). c) Knowledge Creation. The purpose of this policy is to increase productivity by providing technology knowledge to students, and ultimately a workforce that is perpetually engaged in creation and innovation of knowledge from which they all can benefit. Teachers should take the first strides by creating/designing new ICT-based resources for learning; to facilitate knowledge creation and skills for critical thinking by designing appropriate and relevant classroom activities that facilitate the achievement of these goals. Examples of Best Practices Best practices refer to the multimedia actions undertaken by individuals in mathematics, science or technological fields that enhance good moral values to the individuals practicing them. In this case, we examine two major examples of best practices that are special to both mathematics and science fields. These include the technology and multiple intelligences employed in logical or mathematics. Technology and Multiple Intelligence used in Logical or Mathematics The number smart individuals learn using numbers, reasoning and problem solving. Through the implementation of multimedia in multiple Intelligence, the students and other people are able to establish and operate visuals and develop mental images from many perspectives. The technology involved at this point is the use of computers and videos (Burke and Dunn, 2003; Ford and Chen, 2001). Therefore, the students are able to measure, weight, calculate and organize data in mathematical problems. The multiple intelligence through the influence of multimedia, in this, the computer, gives the students the opportunity to develop or operate data they find in the internet. This also applies when these students are provided with the video camera to record their scientific experiment (David, -2011). This is an example of the best practice in mathematics field that promotes good values to the students because it makes the students to enjoy what they are doing especially in data collection, carrying out experiments and solving problems. Through the use of computers as a multimedia practice, the students are create, databases, spreadsheets, charts, and more other data organization and project calculations that are a contribution to a group. The following diagram illustrates a student using computers to solve mathematical problem. Through this practice, the students take pleasure in problem solving, predicting, measuring, experimenting, preedicting, classifying and collection of data in research projects. I like this value because it helps the students perform excellently in their academics. Therefore, the teachers are advised to employ this system to the students and encourage them to employ other intelligences in the data sharing like creating an analogy or debating an issue. Some of the technology tools employed includes the following (Burke and Dunn, 2003; Ford and Chen, 2001). The calculation tool (spreadsheet), multimedia authoring that shows results and animates (hyperstudio), scientific equipments, graphing calculators and software, video tape for experiments, demonstrations and data gathering among other tools. Link: Employing Multimedia in Personal Development Plan When planning for the personal development strategy, I bare in mind Winston Churchills quote, He who fails to plan, is planning to fail. According to several researches, writing down your personal goals has several advantages in measuring effect and raising the likelihood to succeed. There are three main reasons I had to develop my personal plan with the help of multimedia. Clarity this is where I am able to recognize what am doing and try to accomplish it thus giving me a clear picture of what Im working on. Define the why most of the time, I will come across certain situation and tasks along the way that I will not enjoy to do. The only thing that will motivate me to do it is when I define why I am doing it and I will be able to get focused. Through the multimedia and the internet, I am able to acquire inspirational development quotes that will keep me moving. My compass because I am a very ambitious and driven person, I just have to plan what I am trying to achieve in order to remain focused on my target or direction. This will keep me headed towards reaching my goals. After understanding, the three main factors that make me plan, I now move ahead to plan what I have to achieve during my course (David, 2011). These include; Establishing competency Managing emotions Attaining autonomy and interdependence Establishing mature interpersonal relationships Developing integrity Developing purpose I am sure with the help of multimedia like the video tapes, documentaries, and special inspirational quotes I will make it. Link: Future In order to lay down the long-term goals or dreams, I must be sure with what I want to be in life. This is what will guide me to establish the long-term goals. Just as we know, success needs well calculated goal (Dave, 1999). For example, if I plan to be an engineer in future, I must lay down the short-term goals of working hard and passing in the necessary subjects that will enable me to pursue engineering. This means that goal calculation is not dreaming, it is all about passion and hard work. Through employing computers and iphones or ipads, I am able to be updated on all the details entailed in engineering course and through inspirational quotes by some engineers on the internet, I am able to remain focused and be able to achieve what I want in life (Burke and Dunn, 2003; Ford and Chen, 2001). This also includes, having role models or mentors in life that we admire that we may strive to reach where they are. The best way I have to go about it is by writing down what I want, and w rite down how I plan to get there. This will help me meet my purpose in life. Therefore, in order to achieve my future plans, I have to pay attention to the following steps. My purpose in life- what exactly I want in life My dreams these are the long term goals that inspire me to accomplish my short term goals My believes and values what I stand for is final and possibly what I wish my actions showed me to remain focused to My ideal self having a clear description of the person I want to be; how I live, how I relate, associate with friends, how I act and react to situations and maybe how I respond to criticism. This is what will keep me moving towards my dream (David, 2011) Mistakes and lessons- how I tackle my mistakes and how I will avoid their reoccurrence. The lessons I learn through my mistakes and other peoples mistakes. All these I write down because there are a lot that people learn from their experiences and from other peoples. Success and milestones- the way I identify and try to mend my mistakes is the same way I celebrate my successes. This is where multiple intelligence and technology is highly required. Mathematical concepts are very hard and failing them means failing to meet my dream (Chong, Sharaf Jacob, 2005). Therefore, I have to employ the multimedia system in classroom concepts in order to reach my long-term goals. Sciences also play a major role because science and technology are consistent and their innovations are alike. All of them attempt s to modify the world and make our lives easier. Since the engineering field involves machines and very complicated technological equipments, I must employ the use of multimedia like viewing engineering movies, machines in the internet and machines available in companies in order to keep myself updated with the course (Burke and Dunn, 2003; Ford and Chen, 2001). For example, see the following diagram showing technological machines in a company and how complicated they are! Buy custom Multimedia in Science & Mathematics Education essay

Tuesday, February 18, 2020

Biomolecular techniques (bitter taste perception of Research Paper - 1

Biomolecular techniques (bitter taste perception of phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) - Research Paper Example The project was done to determine the phenotypic and genotypic characteristics of students, and the results that were obtained were matched to those of European and Sub-Saharan cohorts. It was found allele combination of homozygous tasters, heterozygous tasters, and homozygous non-tasters were similar to those of the European cohort. This implied that the experiment was largely successful and accurate for the determination of phenotypes and genotypes of the PTC gene. The results can be used in making informed decisions with regard to dietary intake of foods rich in anti-oxidants, in planning of alternative nutrient rich meals for children that are sensitive tasters and finally it can be used by clinicians in the treatment plan of cancer or cardiovascular complications patients. Every individual is different from another, and this is attributed to their genetic make-up. The sense of taste also varies between different categories of people where, for example, some people can sense the taste of some chemicals while others are not able to. One such chemical is phenylthiocarbamide (PTC) or phenylthiourea an organic compound that tastes very bitter to some people while others are unable to taste it at all. Studies done in the past have indicated that polymorphisms in sensory receptor genes in humans can alter the perception in individuals through the coding for receptor types that are functionally distinct (Bufe et al., 2005). The ability of an individual to taste PTC depends primarily on their genetic makeup and is controlled by the PTC gene known as the TASR238 taste receptor gene, located on the chromosome 7 (7q34) and is about 1003 bp long. There are three coding SNPs that are non-synonymous within the taster TAS2R38 gene which are: rs713598–G145C, Ala49Pro; rs1726866–T785C, Val262Ala; rs10246939 – A886G, Ile296Val, and are responsible several haplotypes (Kim, et al 2005; Bufe , 2005). PTC sensitivity is a Mendelian